A sprayer is a device used to spray a liquid, where sprayers are commonly used for projection of water, weed killers, crop performance materials, pest maintenance chemicals, as well as manufacturing and production line ingredients. In agriculture, a sprayer is a piece of equipment that is used to apply herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers on agricultural crops. Sprayers range in size from man-portable units (typically backpacks with spray guns) to trailed sprayers that are connected to a tractor, to self-propelled units similar to tractors with boom mounts depending on engineering design for tractor and land size.
Agricultural sprayers come in various design types, sizes, equipment and performance specifications. They range from small spot-spraying machines to very large sprayers with extensive land and plant coverage. Agricultural sprayers have been engineered to optimize their applicability and performance for the many purposes that the machines are put to, whether being used on crops, vegetation, or soil. Agriculture sprayers are often used for applying water and water/chemical solutions containing acids or caustic materials for crop-performance or pest-control; i.e. fertilizers and pesticides.
There are a number of agriculture sprayers designed for spraying applications and designed to be versatile and suitable for various uses from spot applications, gardens, crops, row crops, crop trees, fruit, groves, vineyards, perimeter maintenance, livestock needs, weed control, pastures and rangeland. Self-propelled sprayers help farmers improve spraying efficiency and productivity while taking full advantage of every minute they have in the field.
With consistent technological advancements in the agricultural sector, farmers are now available with tons of innovative equipment and resources to accomplish their tasks of feeding the mass. Particularly, many farmers have started using sprayers to irrigate their fields and apply chemicals as far as Plant Protection is concerned. Here, we have discussed a few common benefits of hand sprayers used in agriculture.
1 . Useful in Pest Control:-
Sprayers are efficient tools to control pests. Pesticides are available as mixed with water and later, sprayed into infested areas. If any particular area has a high infestation of pests, farmers have to apply sprayers after every two weeks. You may even spray pesticides on livestock for killing ticks and many other dangerous pests, which intend to lower production.
2. Spray Herbicides:-
Sprayers can easily control unwanted vegetation. For this, they combine herbicide with water in a sprayer. Later, the farmer sprays it on unwanted vegetation that dries automatically a few days later. With technology innovation, scientists have come up with many new chemicals, which may select and eliminate only unwanted crops in a piece of land. Farmers may administer such selective herbicides by applying sprayers as well.
3. Spraying of Fungicides:-
Hand sprayers used in agriculture to control mildews, rusts, blights, and fungi. These are the worst enemies of plants, as they reduce the production of crops. Parasitic fungi cause adverse effects to animals as well. However, when you use a hand sprayer, you may easily control them. In most cases, fungicides are available in liquid form and possess 90 percent of sulfur. Sprayers are effective to control fungi, as they keep the leaves unaffected.
4. Liquid Fertilizer Application:-
Liquid fertilizer application is a suitable method used in various areas prone to cause soil erosion and in drylands. Here, the sprayer comes equipped with liquid fertilizer to increase the efficiency of the process. Liquid fertilizer targets a specific group of crops without any risk related to loss because of evaporation or liquid to winds. These sprayers used in agriculture benefits crop establishment and promote its early rooting. Other than supplying essential nutrients, liquid fertilizer application provides irrigation.
5. Application of plant growth, Flowering & Fruiting:-
Method of application plays an important role in the efficiency of plant growth. Spraying of Plant growth regulators quicker the effect on flowering & fruiting as well as flower yield of flowering crops. One of the most advantages of this application is that it will take less time to treat the plant and environment friendly.
6. Irrigation and Hydration:-
Many times, high-pressure sprayers used in agriculture on small irrigation areas. Besides, farmers spray freshwater before they harvest any crop to clean any leftover deposits. Sprayers are useful in all-weather. These may also be used to cool insects and livestock kept to meet various agricultural purposes.
Whether one has to apply fertilizer, pesticides, water, herbicides, or anything else, sprayers have found tons of applications in agriculture. Manual application of each of these chemicals and even water is a tedious job. Luckily, sprayers work automatically and let farmers complete the task within only a few hours. Moreover, sprayers cover a huge distance as compared to any other resource used by farmers. Therefore, we can say that a farm is incomplete without the use of sprayers.